Catalan numbers use case.
There are special numbers in combinatorial mathematics named after the French-Belgian mathematician Eugène Charles Catalan who studied the Towers of Hanoi puzzle.
The Catalan numbers are a sequence of natural numbers that usually describe recursively defined objects and calculated by formula:
Cn = ( ( 2n! ) / ( (n+1)! n! ) ) , where n is always non-negative.
An example for the first Catalan numbers for n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are 1, 1, 2, 5, 14, 42.
Today’s practical use cases of the Catalan numbers lay in the fields of computer science, geometry, GIS and geodesy, cryptography, and medicine.
A recursive function to find n-th Catalan number with Python code:
def catalan(n): if n <= 1: return 1 res = 0 for i in range(n): res += catalan(i) * catalan(n-i-1) return res # Check N=6 for i in range(N): print (catalan(i),end=",")